Diabetes is a very serious condition which eats up the mind of thousands of sufferers. This article provides some alarming statistics regarding its growing incidence and the risks involved to those who may develop the condition.
Although numerous people have heard of the disease diabetes, it can be a rather abstract concern for many. Diabetes is often put down to genetics, seen as inevitable, or simply viewed as an illness that only affects the elderly and overweight people. But all that is very far from the truth.
We spoke with Dr. Jean-Marie Ekoé, endocrinologist, epidemiologist and President of the Diabetes Québec Professional Council, to better understand how this disease develops and what we can do to avoid or control it.
Type 1. Type 2. Which is which?
The two main types of diabetes are types 1 and 2. “Essentially, type 1 is an autoimmune disease, while type 2 is highly associated with genetics and lifestyle,” Dr. Ekoé explained. “The difference is to do with insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that takes sugar from the blood and stores it as glucose in the liver, muscles and fat cells.”